[詞彙區別] affect, effect 用法差別? affect可否當名詞? effect可否當動詞?


Q: affect, effect 用法差別? affect可否當名詞? effect可否當動詞?

A: affect 與 effect 均可表示“影響”,其區別是:affect是動詞(及物),主要是指影響;effect是名詞 (可數或不可數),主要指效應。 兩者的關係大致為:affect =have an effect on。

1. affect (verb): to have an influence on somebody/something

Does the show, Gossip Girl, affect teenagers’ behavior? 花邊教主這個節目是否影響青少年的行為?

2. effect (noun) = result, influence
Does the show, Gossip Girl, have an effect on teenagers’ behavior? 花邊教主這個節目是否對青少年的行為有影響?

字典說affect也可以當名詞啊,effect也可以當及物動詞啊,但是這兩種用法比較少見:

affect當名詞表示(在心理學)某人的心理狀態
1. affect (noun) = the mood that someone appears to have, usually used when talking about psychology

She displayed a happy affect in the psychological experiment. 在這個心理實驗中,她呈現了一個愉悅的狀態。

effect當動詞表示“實現”或“產生”等
effect (verb): to achieve or produce; to bring about

They hope to effect a truce between North and South Korea. 他們希望實現南韓和北韓間的休戰協定。

More sample sentences: http://www.diffen.com/difference/Affect_vs_Effect

Sources:
http://www.yywords.com/Article/200805/310.html
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/affect
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/effect
http://grammar.quickanddirtytips.com/affect-versus-effect.aspx
http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictionary/affect
http://jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com/2010/11/08/effect跟affect的不同/


心智圖詞彙攻略: https://bit.ly/31rvaFL

 

 

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